Music and Dance belongs to the Dominican Republic like the air to breath. Essential instruments of the local folkloric music are the güira (a Dominican percussion made out of a high panel sheet, which is treated with a steel brush), a barrel and an accordion. The most famous genres are Merengue, Bachata, Salsa, Son and as well Reggaeton for the younger generations.
One of the most important Dominican music and dance styles is the Merengue. The original form, the ‹‹Perico ripiao››, is still preserved in the countryside. It is played by a small Combo, whose musicians dominate the following instruments: accordion or guitar, barrel, güira as well as the maracas. The musicians never studied music; through their nature they own an excellent feeling for harmony and rhythm. This music culture has been transmitted from generation to generation. Many clubs and discotheques all over the Dominican Republic guarantee local music and a place to dance. The highlight for all dancers is the annual Merengue-Festival which takes place in the capital Santo Domingo each August.
In the beginning Bachata was not meant to dance, it was a kind of entertainment with its romantic guitar music and the lyrics about disappointed love. Influences of other genres, like Merengue, made Bachata to a faster kind of music, which brings everybody onto the dance floor.
Since 2003 this Latin American music booms all over the world. Famous stars like Juan Luis Guerra or the music group Aventura which their famous song ‹‹Obsesión›› conquered the whole world out of the Dominican Republic. Even Aventura split up by now, their lead singer Romeo Santos is still one of the worlds famous Bachata-artists.
Listening to Salsa, makes you dream about Cuba and dancing to hot Latin-rhythms. And it is true: Salsa is a Latin American music as well as a Latin American dance. Since a view years, Salsa belongs also in the Dominican Republic to the music you hear in every corner. Sexappeall, Alex Matos, Yiyo Saranto or David Kada are only some of the famous Dominican Salsa-artists.
In the Dominican Republic the Son appeared between 1870 and 1890 around the cities of Montecristi and Puerto Plata. There exists a theory, that Son is a mix of Spanish and African elements, coming from the Bolero. Son never became that famous like Merengue and Bachata in the Dominican Republic, but it has his faithful supporters.
Reggaeton has different origins, independent from each other: during the 1980 in Panama (as Spanish Reggae), by the end of the 1990 through Dominican and Puerto Rican artists in New York (including Merengue, Salsa, Hip-Hop and Reggae elements) as well as during the same time in Puerto Rico, from where Reggaeton became famous in Latin America.
A little later Reggaeton became very famous in New York as well as in Spain and since 2005 it also became very popular in middle Europe. Famous Reggaeton-artists are among others: Daddy Yankee and Don Omar.
Further information about music and dancing-events on Festivals and Events.